Do you have a child entering Kindergarten and you want to do some last-minute catching up? Do you have a child beginning PreK and you want to get ahead a little? Here’s a brief list of skills your child should be working toward mastering to be ready for Kindergarten. Click here for a more detailed list.
Concepts of Print – understanding the basic rules of how printed text works. Your child can demonstrate Kindergarten-ready concepts of print by: orienting a book properly, turning the pages in the correct direction, and understanding that text is read from left to right.
Phonemic Awareness – understanding that language is made of individual sounds (phonemes). Your child can demonstrate Kindergarten-ready phonemic awareness by: producing some named sounds, identifying some sounds produced by others, and blending sounds produced by others to make words.
Phonics – understanding that sounds are represented by letters. Your child can demonstrate Kindergarten-ready phonics by: being able to identify some uppercase and lowercase letters, understanding that a written letter or group of letters represent a particular sound, and producing the sound represented by some letters.
One-to-one Correspondence – understanding that numbers represent a particular quantity. Your child can demonstrated Kindergarten-ready math skills by: counting to 20, recognizing numbers through 20, and understanding that the written/spoken form of a number represents a particular quantity.
Language Skills – ability to comprehend spoken language and use age-appropriate language. Your child can demonstrate Kindergarten-ready language skills by: being able to follow multi-step directions, engaging in age-appropriate exchanges with peers and adults, and retelling events or stories.
Fine Motor Skills – being able to coordinate small muscle groups, generally the hands and fingers, to perform tasks. Your child can demonstrate Kindergarten-ready fine motor skills by: using an age-appropriate pencil grasp, being able to replicate shapes and letters with some degree of accuracy when provided with a model, and using scissors appropriately.
Social Skills – being able to interact with others appropriately. Your child can demonstrate Kindergarten-ready social skills by: engaging in imaginative play, using age-appropriate language to communicate with peers, and being able to share and take turns with minimal prompting
For most children, beginning Kindergarten is a huge transition, with exposure to so many new concepts, people, and expectations. Preparing your child in advance can lead to a more confident learner!